Hello! All right mate? Welcome once again to TurboLangs, the online vessel that brings you among the linguistic stars! So you want to obtain the most sought-after official certificate in the language of Shakespeare (how original, I know): the C1 Advanced in English 👏 I’m glad! But let’s get something straight: achieving a C1 level in English takes real effort.
Formerly known as CAE – Certificate in Advanced English, with such an official qualification you can apply for 90% of job vacancies requiring very high English skills. The problem is that just knowing English at the C1 level is not enough: you have to prove it, and the exam that the Cambridge Assessment Center creates, delivers and corrects is achievable, but… challenging too.
Plenty of students fail, unfortunately. Why? Well, to begin with, because:
- They start too late to prepare for the exam,
- they soon realise that their C1 is more like a B2 or worse,
- the frantic rush to the exam is done with inadequate materials and wrong strategies. 😠
But so, is it possible to pass it with good marks? YES! To know how, read on: you’ll see that, as difficult as it is, you too can pass it with flying colours ;-).
C1 Advanced: What does it certify
Oy vey, what a level this C1 is.
It’s the expertise in English you theoretically possess if you have obtained a bachelor’s degree with good grades in an English-speaking country.
You can work in most of fields in most of positions, except for those where you must exhibit top proficiency in the language. If you have a C1 in English, generally speaking:
- You can understand the bulk of technical texts, opinions, reviews and a fair chunk of contemporary literature;
- You are able to write formal and informal texts, in a variety of fields, with decent competence;
- you can speak in public in front of a native audience without making a fool of yourself.
The C1 Advanced is part of the official English language qualifications offered by Cambridge Assessment English, a non-teaching body attached to the University of Cambridge, England.
When you take one of their exams, whatever the outcome, they will also give you a Statement of Results: that’s great, because whether you pass or fail, you will see where you failed and where you succeeded, which is immensely beneficial for future endeavours.
In a few moments we will look in detail at the structure of the exam, but first it is worth clarifying a fundamental point, which even many language schools and and exam centres fail to elucidate: grades!
C1 Advanced: How it is graded
Take a look at this table, where you have the Cambridge (internal) score, the grade you’re given according to score achieved and its correspondence with the CEFR:
First of all, from 180 you already get your CAE qualification. ✔️
Let’s go deeper: achieving a score between 200 and 210 places you in grade A, the highest grade. That’s the same as saying you’ve demonstrated a C2 (although, hear me out: you don’t get a C2 Proficiency qualification).
Then, between 193 and 199, you have your C1 Advanced with grade B: you have done very well. And then, between 180 and 192, you also get the CAE certificate, even if with a narrower margin, with grade C.
Does it matter if you take your CAE with a grade C? Normally not, though… in some cases, you could be asked for a specific grade: these would be government bodies, universities, etc. Private companies, as a general rule, do not have such strict requirements.
Let me now clarify something all too often misunderstood:
➡️ If you get between 160 and 179, you will obviously NOT get a C1 Advanced, but neither will you get a B2 First qualification, despite having proven a B2 level of English. What you will receive is a generic document stating that such was the knowledge you have shown on that occasion.
For all intents and purposes, does such document count as an official B2 First certificate? Again, it does not. But then, you may wonder, is it a useless piece of paper? Let’s see.
Private employers, in the majority of cases, care that you know the language: a document of that kind, sealed by the Cambridge Assessment English, may be enough for them. For other bodies, however, an official certificate is a must:
- Large industries,
- International organisations,
- EU institutions,
- public employment,
- anything official in nature.
A doubt often troubling the best students’ souls is:
I have achieved a grade A, i.e. C2. Is it worth cramming a bit more and taking the C2 Proficiency exam at the next exam session?
Allow me to answer in no uncertain terms: OF COURSE!!! But let’s continue with the C1 Advanced now.
C1 Advanced: What is it for?
The C1 Advanced is useful for:
- being admitted in all UK universities,
- applying for study and work visas from the authorities in English-speaking countries,
- homologating in your non-Anglophone country exams or English-language courses taken in Angloland,
- working in multinational companies, for which C1 Advanced is the minimum English-language requirement,
- prove to anyone, government or private company, that you master English to a high level.
Who isn’t going to benefit from a C1 Advanced certificate? Well, if you aim at job roles or studies where the language requirements are so high that bringing a C2 Proficiency to the table becomes essential.
C1 Advanced: When and where to take the exam?
You can take the exam up to ten times a year, at the centres with the highest number of test-takers, from January to December. There are many candidates, so despite the abundance of test centres, register ASAP and prepare well.
You can take the exam in most big cities of the world: take a look where’s more convenient to you and book your C1 Advanced here.
There are no geographical restrictions: you may be Indonesian and want to take it in the UK, as well as being a Nigerian and resolving to sit the CAE in Mongolia. Just be careful with your passport or ID card: it has to be valid.
The exam fee is between 185 and 220 GBP. A photo shall be taken on the day of the exam, although this has been changing due to the Covid-19 pandemic. 📸
C1 Advanced: How to prepare for it?
I’ve run experiments of all sorts in order to get my official language qualifications as efficiently as possible. Now, it seems to me that there essentially are three ways to get prepared for one:
- at a private school;
- entirely on your own;
- with a private teacher;
IMHO, a mix of 2 and 3 is what we all need:
80% self-teaching ✔️ +
+ 20% private tuition ✔️ =.
🏆 100% success 🏆
How’s that? I’m glad you asked.
Customarily, language schools organize courses to prepare test takers for the C1 Advanced: they sell you a few books, you go to class two to four days a week until the faithful day. What do you do in class? Mock exams in situ with fellow test-takers. What’s the problem?
To begin with, it’s worth keeping in mind that, like all private businesses, language schools look after their own interests, sometimes ignoring yours. In a C1 Advanced group, you could end up with people of an objectively lower level; but it could well be that you are the one who is out of place there.
Why would you end up there? Because there was an empty seat, unlike –maybe– in other groups. Or maybe there simply weren’t other groups.
A preparation course for C1 Advanced is not meant to make up for language deficiencies. You are there to become a pro in the exam itself: if you’re at a B2, you could feel lost.
Then, there’s another issue. 😓
If you consider that one section, let’s say Writing, lasts an hour and a half, spending three hours a day in a language school turns to be an expensive thing: you spend 90% of the time writing on your own, and the teacher comes into play for a mere 10% of the whole class. It’s like paying for a car and just getting the tyres.
If you want to avoid the hassle, besides saving time and money along the way, the 80/20 prep rule I hinted at before is there for you: prepare independently, with some help from a private tutor.
Preparing with a professional 100% of the time rather than 20% would work miracles, but of course, the cost of it has to be taken into account. There is also a great truth, expressed by C.G. Jung among others, that we often minimize:
We undervalue what we are able to learn on our own, we overestimate what others can teach us.
There is an abundance of material to prepare for C1 Advanced on your own, without much need for assistance from schools or other institutions: please find below the best strategies and tips I have found useful when it comes to obtaining C1 Advanced.
And as far as private tutoring goes, check out my private tutoring page 📩 I’ve been helping for years students from all over the world learn English and add the coveted C1 Advanced certificate to their CV.
Mandatory Materials for the C1 Advanced
Without these two manuals, I wouldn’t move a step. They are the bare minimum to have a few mock exams and something akin to a guided walkthrough of the exams.
Cambridge English Advanced 3. Student’s Book with answers
Advanced Trainer. Six Practice Tests with Answers with Audio
Get them, read them, study them, absorb them from the first to the last page, if you want to have a chance at getting the C1 Advanced.
Recommended materials for the C1 Advanced
I don’t want you to squander a fortune or push you to pile up books you won’t use. But remember: you’re saving on courses at language schools, so you can very well take a part of that budget and invest it in a handful of high-quality books.
I strongly recommend the three textbooks below. They help you learn, polish and improve the language the way you need before taking an exam such as the C1 Advanced: however, if you feel your English needs no further work, leave them.
Advanced Grammar in Use, With Answers and eBook
Common Mistakes at CAE… and How to Avoid Them
Grammar and Vocabulary for Advanced with Answers
If you work through these textbooks with the help of a tutor, evidently, all the better.
C1 Advanced: Study Strategies
As with any language exam, it is ideal to start familiarising yourself with the exam when you are already at the same level.
This is one of the main reasons for failure: many people start preparing for C1 Advanced when they are still a long way from a C1. 😯
The distance between a B2 and a C1 in English is considerable. It’s hundreds of hours of study and practice, months and months of dedication. That said, if you assume you’re truly at a C1, start working on one of the books listed above: the Cambridge English Advanced 3, for example.
How would you know before the exam whether you are at a C1 or not? Do one mock exam, get corrected by a private teacher and draw some conclusions.
Let’s suppose you are. Every three to four days, take a mock exam: analyse the results and draw out the indications on how to go on. The Use of English has gone badly for you? Jump right in for some time, then check how it goes with another mock exam.
My problem, for example, is: I run out of time in the Writing section. This has always happened to me in that type of exercise, in any language and in any exam.
I have to learn to be more conscientious in my writing, so that I don’t waste time gathering ideas, executing or getting off-topic.
Other issues many test takers encounter:
- they run suicidally towards dead ends in the Speaking section,
- they are overcome by anxiety,
- when writing, they use affected expressions which are also… not relevant,
- find out when dealing with the Use of English that… their use of English has too much room for improvement,
- discover in the Listening task that they have issues grasping fast speakers or little-known accents.
Don’t take mock exams one after the other, the machine-gun way: don’t! Take one, assess very well where you failed, work on it for the time necessary –alone or with a teacher– and when you are confident enough, take the next mock exam.
Three weeks prior to the exam, shield yourself from the rest of the world within an English-speaking cocoon, with all the tools you have and the trick you can muster.
I know, I know: “I have a life; I reside in Santa Fé, Argentina; I use only Spanish at work, how can I shelter myself into the English language? Well, here are a few ideas:
- hire an au-pair for a while
- music in English: What about Amazon Music Unlimited? But whatever: just stop listening to sertanejo and reggaeton for the time being
- get English-speaking housemates
- join an expat club or attempt, if you will, a language exchange
- news in English: the news, newspapers, magazines, radio, podcasts, etc.
- documentaries, series and films. If your boyfriend wants to stick to his mother tongue, send him to his mother 💨
- books and audiobooks in English
- iBook, iPad, iPhone, Amazon Echo, Kindle, GPS navigator, wearables, and other gizmos: English English English
- notes to the family, to self, to co-workers, to the gardener, to anyone: ditto
The more you fend off the non-English-speaking world, the better it is. You just need creativity and dedication.
Santiago, one of my students, would invite native speakers he met in an exchange group to dinner at his place.
He provided the food, they provided the guided conversations with correction: twice a week, sometimes three, for months. They soon became friends, and Santiago brought home his C1 Advanced. 🎇😀
In other words, my point is: this is not rocket science 🚀 if you already know English at this level, passing C1 Advanced is just a matter of putting in the hours to train for the exam format.
The exam is about measuring your language skills, through certain tasks that have to be completed within certain time limits: and the exam is always the same, in its structure: if you cram the fifteen, eighteen mock exams available on the market, the C1 Advanced certificate is going to be yours.
C1 Advanced: Exam structure
C1 Advanced is designed to measure the four language skills. The main sections of the exam correspond to these. Let’s see:
Reading and Use of English (90 mins)
It consists of 8 exercises and 56 questions.
From Exercise 1 to 4, you are tested on your ability to use English most properly. More in detail:
- Text with gaps where you have to put in the appropriate word from the four words made available;
- text with gaps where you put the word that fits best;
- text with gaps in which to write a word that you will create from another word you are given (it seems complicated but it is not: for example, endure –> endurance, or profession –> professional);
- rewriting a sentence, pivoting on a given word, without changing the meaning of the sentence.
From exercise 5 to 8, your writing comprehension. In detail:
- You answer six multiple-choice questions about the content of a text;
- you answer four comprehension questions about four fragments;
- in a text with gaps, you insert six paragraphs out of the seven available;
- you match five fragments of text and ten statements.
As you can see, not a menial task.
🔎 How can you triumph here? 🔎
First of all, by reading extensively all kinds of text: essays, reports, novels, articles, letters. Everything there is to read.
A few suggestions in terms of magazines, a genre I wholeheartedly recommend:
- Medium: there’s good stuff and rubbish, content-wise; English-wise, it’s legit;
- Collector’s Weekly: an oasis of linguistic peace;
- The New Inquiry: sophisticated content and equally refined English.
Books I’d read if I were you, to cover enough topics, vocabulary and registers:
Einstein: His Life and Universe, by Walter Isaacson
The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer, by Siddhartha Mukherjee
The School of Life: An Emotional Education, by Alain de Botton
The Better Angels of Our Nature, by Steven Pinker
Newspapers I would read if I were you:
These are but a few suggestions of the million possible in this regard.
Developing the proper reading ability
Be aware that, in the C1 Advanced, you have to read differently than in normal life. What do I mean? Well, in non-exam settings, let’s suppose, you read for pleasure and for studying.
In the first case, you read more or less carefree, maybe you even have music in the background and a furry cat on your lap, whose belly you’re scratching while advancing in the book.
When you study, though, the goal is full comprehension of the text, so that you can dismantle the concepts you find there and reassemble them back, while you try to commit such concepts to long-term memory. 🧠
In an exam, however, neither of those strategies work: in C1 Advanced, you must skim the text, scan if you will, in search of the pieces of information relevant for the task at hand. You have to be fast and accurate, and the best moment to develop this third way of reading ability is sometime before the exam.
Don’t take for granted that it will come naturally.
After a few mock exams, you will have built a mental map of the whole test, so that when the faithful day will come you will manage time well enough, section after section, exercise after exercise. If in one of them you can’t make up your mind, jot down something, move on and come back later if you have a couple of minutes left.
Another guarantee of success, in C1 Advanced as in C2 Proficiency, is having a large vocabulary and managing manifold synonyms for the biggest number of words: it works magic in the Reading and Use of English, but it’s sooo opportune in the rest of the exam too.
And now buckle up, for Writing is no easy task either.
Writing (90 mins)
Writing is made up of two exercises with equal scores.
Exercise 1 is compulsory: you have to write 220-260 words, according to the instructions provided.
In exercise 2 you still have to write 220-160 words, but now you are given three options out of these types of text: review, report, proposal, essay, email or letter.
🔎 How to be a winner here? 🔎
As detailed in the previous section, you have to work at home to level up your word-crafting game. If you jumped straight to this chapter, I repeat it for you: read, read, read. Without reading, writing properly is utopian.
Read five, write one. Writing is fed by reading. Supposing your written English already be at a C1 level, let’s now focus on the exam task proper.
Train one by one all the text formats included in the C1 Advanced: pass your attempts to your teacher on a regular basis, so that they can correct them. There is no such thing as correcting your writing yourself.
I dare say that if you know how to write in your mother tongue, chances are you will learn to do it in English too pain-free.
The key points for writing properly are the same in any language, namely: make sure you understand what you are requested, jot down a few ideas and structure them into paragraphs, write a main statement per paragraph then expand it. Corroborate that the wording you use is that of a C1 and that the text is coherent.
If you are slow handwriting, you may want to consider the computer-based version of the C1 Advanced (as long as you not slower typing on a keyboard).
If you use a computer for your daily writing practice, turn the spell checker off: it comes in handy in everyday life but when you’re learning English… nope. When you’re done writing, set aside a few minutes to check your grammar and spelling, in case something slipped off the tip of your pen (or of your keyboard).
Lastly, do not digress: if you’re into an essay about reviewing a film that you deem overrated, or that you ignore, it’s no good to write:
I couldn’t fathom the hype about Parasite. On the other hand, if Lord of the Rings isn’t a masterpiece, then I don’t know what it is. This incredibly engaging movie starts from…
and continue talking about Lord of the Rings. It’s not what you are asked. Stick to the topic.
Listening (40 mins)
The Listening test consists of four exercises which total is thirty questions.
Each exercise corresponds to an audio track, which you listen to twice, and then answer the related comprehension questions.
🔎 How do you ace your Listening? 🔎
Well, who am I kidding? This is a tough nut to crack. For the love of all that is good in the world, invest the time necessary to become the best listener you can be.
First of all, rest assured that in Cambridge exam centres the acoustics is usually congruous. In any case, if I were you, I would consider taking the computer-based exam, in which case you are given headphones for the Listening section.
Why do I mention this? Because just as life, also exams are no safe haven from unpredictability:
- the examinee next to you suffers from whooping cough,
- construction works in the street where the very centre is located,
- the loudspeakers installed in the exam room break after the exam has begun, so that they have to resort to the audio peripheral of the local computer, or an iPad (spoiler alert: it is not at all the same).
These are but a few samples of unfortunate events that occurred to me, as a test taker.
Whether you go for the computer-based or the paper-based C1 Advanced, I invite you to do the following: as you listen to the audio tracks for the first time, write down the answers; during the second listening, confirm or correct.
Now, let’s talk about how to acquire listening skills befitting a C1 level in English.
Reading and listening to a text simultaneously is always convenient: it helps acquire pronunciation and prosody so that you learn how to utter words without looking at their IPA correspondents, you visualize sounds so that you can attach meaning to them, and your speech come off as ever more native.
There is a panoply of resources for that. An audiobook, for instance: Astrophysics for People in a Hurry by the sci-rockstar Neil deGrasse Tyson is a blast. Moreover, its audio version is read by the director of the Hayden Planetarium himself.
Read a magazine or newspaper article and listen to its podcast version, also simultaneously: The Daily in the New York Times website is a good place to start.
But then, you have to switch to listening only: that is, understanding an oral message on the go, without written supports.
Explore the radio or, again, the podcastsphere: Helen Zaltzman’s The Allusionist is a gem. It delves into languages in general and English in particular.
I wouldn’t stick to one medium. I would listen to anything. 💡 And as there is no monolithic English, it’s best to familiarise yourself with all varieties and all types of oral exchange.
Two extra tips to become a black belt in Listening:
- speed it up: 1.2 or 1.3, on a player like VLC Media Player, is fine;
- listen to them in the middle of the noise: if you can follow along, great. It may take some time getting used to, no big deal.
Last but not least, conversations with native speakers, be professors of literature at the University of Liverpool or cattle farmers from the Scottish Highlands.
Speaking (15 mins)
Attention, test takers: the Speaking part might take place another day, sometimes before, sometimes after the main exam, so to say.
Also, bear in mind there will be four earthlings in the room: an examinee, you and the two examiners, one of whom talks to you and the other stays at the back taking notes.
Exceptionally, there could be three examinees in total, though it is not the norm.
The Speaking part is made up of four exercises:
1️⃣ Exercise 1: the examiner asks you how you are doing, who you are, what is your role in our four-dimensional world, etc. It helps relaxing, as test-takers tend to be more nervous than a fox at a hound convention.
2️⃣ Exercise 2: the examiner gives each of you one or two pictures and uses them as a basis for giving you a task. First, you describe your pictures; then, you answer a few questions concerning the other examinee’s pictures.
3️⃣ Exercise 3: the examiner provides a topic of conversation and you have to discuss it with your exam peer.
4️⃣ Exercise 4: you expand on what you debated in exercise 3, with specific questions related to your own experience.
Are you afraid that a bad speaking partner will do you a disservice? 💡 Relax: the examiners are more than skilled at evaluating you individually.
If the poor guy is wordless, give him a hand; if, on the other hand, he won’t let you speak, take advantage of a breathing pause (sooner or later he will need oxygen) to take the floor.
🔎 How to speak like a master? 🔎
Sayings, proverbs, phrasal verbs, idioms! In English, to take the world by storm sounds more native than to quickly become successful, doesn’t it?
Or imagine the verb to be surprised: there are countless ways to express it. To be speechless, to be astonished, to be dumbstruck, to be shocked and two dozen more. Learn them, alongside connectors, cultisms, expressions, lexicon of all kinds. 💡
The aim is to give your opinion, debate, discuss almost as a pure-bred Londoner would.
A few brief pauses for thinking are fine, just as a few minor mistakes, but you have to demonstrate fluency and accuracy. Pronunciation must be very good: it does not matter if the influence of your mother tongue is evident, as long as it never hinders comprehension.
So, besides knowing what you are talking about and doing it right, a few other crucial aspects of Speaking are:
- prosody (the way native speakers sing when talking),
- expressing yourself with chutzpah,
- having a mental outline of the three-four points you want to expose.
How do you get this all? With a lot of practice. Talk a lot, to anyone: teachers, coaches, unwary tourists, Erasmus students, waiters, pensioners. Talk to yourself, to your pet, to an imaginary friend. Talk until your voice is gone.
To overcome the fear of being speechless despite being over-prepared, dear friend, it’s time to learn the noble art of de-stressing. Possible solutions:
- to drink a gin and tonic 🍹 with mostly gin. There’s plenty of evidence of its effectiveness (and I’m not kidding), but I wouldn’t straight up recommend it;
- treat yourself to a massage the day before the Speaking;
- get temporarily away from people who suck the vital energy out of you (albeit making it permanent would be even better);
- learn to construe stress itself in a different manner.
Point 4 is key, for stress mobilizes copious energies within you. This book put my paradigm upside down:
The Upside of Stress, by Kelly McGonigal: if you are too lazy or busy to read it, keep this in mind. It’s not what happens to you that debilitates you, but rather your way of conceptualizing it. In the book, McGonigal provides a theoretical bedrock and then teaches you to make good use of stress, rather than being tortured by it.
Here’s a revelation: riding on a roller coaster or answering questions in an exam room, you are biochemically the same person, because the same hormones are released in your body. What changes, then? Your way of framing these experiences.
It is MIND-BOGGLING, and it is so darn useful as general teaching, besides the limited domains of an exam, for in life every day sucks in a different way and we better be prepared for it all.
If you can control your mind, you can control everything.
C1 Advanced: FAQ
P: Is the computer-based exam overall better than the paper-based?
R: There is a number of things to consider. Here is a full overview of their differences and which one to plump for: Paper or Computer: Choose your Cambridge English Exam Format
Q: After years in Scotland, I have learned Scottish to a fair degree. Can I use this variety in the exam?
A: If you mean Scottish English, that is, English spoken with an accent, words and expressions of Scotland, yes. If, on the other hand, you mean Scots, then no. 😶 However, let me show my appreciation for you being fluent in Scots.
Q: If I go with the computer-based exam, can I use my laptop?
A: No. If you ask because of a disability that makes complicated to use devices other than yours, you better check this well in advance with the exam centre.
Q: I did all you have suggested but I feel that I still lack lexicon, fluency, mastery in general. What else could I read?
A: Well, the books I listed are necessary, but indeed, if you want to have a 360-degree education, you have to go beyond them.
At this point, I would encourage you to take any text for native speakers. I know there are graded readers for C1, but I would throw myself on anything now. Literary criticism, scientific papers, political science manuals, film reviews, instruction manuals for cars and air conditioners; from the UK, the USA and a couple other countries of your choice.
The more you prepare yourself, the less you will have to rely on luck.
Q: Do I have to reach a minimum in each of the four parts to pass the C1 Advanced?
In short: the average of the four parts, plus Use of English, will be calculated, but that doesn’t mean that if you are a disaster on Listening you can relax because the bad grade will be offset with good grades on the other sections, not at all: you have to become a pro in each area.
Q: Wouldn’t I be better off studying English proper rather than preparing myself for an exam?
A: Becoming familiar with an exam is a matter of a few weeks; achieving a C1 level from scratch is a matter of a few years. If you are successful in your C1 Advanced project, you’ll have spent 99,9% of your time studying English proper, as you say.
A few weeks of preparation for a certificate that can impact your life in such a profound manner are worth the hassle.
Q: My English is a mix of different varieties, what can I do?
A: Well, that’s the experience of MANY people. My generation had British English at school, but then binged on American films, music and series.
For comprehension is great, as you will encounter a gamut of Englishes: for production, you have to choose whether you go for one variety or another. You can’t mix them
Q: Can I practice with fluent, though non-native, English speakers?
A: Given the scarcity of English native speakers to practice with, I generally recommend to practice with whoever speaks better than you, be someone from your town or Ulan Bataar.
That said, as you’re targeting a C1 level certificate, how many non-native dudes can you find around above that? Very few. Try to:
- Get a language exchange partner, though it can be troublesome, hence…
- spend some time in an English-speaking area, in spite of the fact that it can be expensive and decidedly impractical, so perhaps it’d be preferable to…
- hire a private tutor.
Q: Do you recommend bilingual books to prepare for this exam?
A: Bilingual books, that is, books with the left page in the English original and the right in your mother tongue, are valuable learning tools. I would use them especially at lower levels of proficiency.
At a C1, you should go native: you’ll have a harder time understanding, sometimes, but that is the point of learning after all: if you’re reviewing some material and you happen to have ZERO doubts, you ain’t learning, mate. 🤨
Having said that, if you are boning up on Shakespeare, Chaucer or Melville, going bilingually could be propitious.
C1 Advanced: Conclusions
We have reached the end of this short guide on how to bring home this English official qualification: I hope you are now equipped to pass the C1 Advanced with flying colours. 🇦🇺
Are you going to enrol? Have you been studying for it? Comment here below on how it is going.
If, on the other hand, you are brushing up your English after a period of neglect, it would make sense to consider starting with B2 First: First Certificate in English (FCE): How to Ace it
And in case you have doubts about what certificate to target, please have a look at: English-language Certificates: All What You Should Know
Thank you for the time taken to read this and good luck 😉
Your personal Anglicist,